French Maritime Pine Bark to Buy Nootropics UK from Earthly Biotics

French Maritime Pine Bark

Pinus Pinaster / Pine Bark Extract

Deriving from bark of the French Maritime Pine (Pinus pinaster) which grows exclusively on the south west coast of France, with its family species most common to Europe.

Pine Bark Extract is one of the most under-utilised natural resources in athletes and professionals due to its powerhouse athletic capabilities and its cognitive benefits. From enhanced endurance, delaying fatigue, and reduced cramps, through to improved cognitive performances again and again. With an array of antioxidant & anti-inflammatory properties as well as going above and beyond Aspirin for those needing a natural alternative.

 

History

In 1948, Frenchman Professor Jacques Masquelier, of the University of Bordeaux published his study on Oligomeric Proanthocyanidins (OPCs).  His study was based on the detail of a 1535 river expedition by Jacques Cartier. Suffering badly from scurvy, Cartier’s crew were aided by a local who cured them by making a spruce beer from the needles and bark of the pines along the river. [source:1] This led the professor to hypothesize that the pine contained levels of vitamin C and flavonoids and he set about attempting to isolate OPCs from other varieties of food. Masquelier discovered that OPCs were powerful antioxidants and could reduce free-radicals in the body. In 1948 he published his report after extracting OPC from the skin of peanuts, and in 1951 went on to discover a method to apply this to pine bark. 

This research was furthered when in 1965, German national Charles Haimoff patented a water-soluble version of the extract, naming it Pycnogenol®. 

 

Benefits

In the last 50 years over 350 studies have been done into the effects on the brain & body of Pine Bark Extract. The key areas of health improvements can be summarized as:

  • Improved Cognitive Performance & Brain Function
  • Enhancing Athletic Performance
  • Increasing Mental Stamina & Blood Flow Circulation
  • Antioxidant & Anti-inflammatory Properties
  • Pine Bark Extract VS Aspirin

 

Improved Cognitive Performance & Brain Function

One of the most significantly improved areas across all studies was brain function, with cognitive abilities, focus & attention, as well as memory & mood being cited.

Australian researchers put together a comprehensive test that was a double blind, placebo-controlled study. 101 participants took 150mg of Pycnogenol every day for 12 weeks. They measured tasks including attention, psychomotor performance, and episodic memory. They concluded with statistical evidence that the group taking the active dose had better results than those in the placebo group. They note that participants in both groups were matched in age, sex, body mass index, and micro-nutrient intake whilst being assessed at 4 stages throughout the 3 months study. [source:2]

Source : 3

Source : 3

A study on university students in Italy compared a test group of 53 participants against a control group. It found that the test group, who took Pycnogenol for 8 weeks, ranked higher for cognitive function and improvement in sustained attention & mental performance.
The results showed that those taking the real dose failed at almost half the rate in percentage of the placebo group in tests despite being given a higher amount of tests to complete. Control group failure scores were 9 / 84 = 10.71% fail rate. Pine Bark group failure scores were 7 / 112 = 6.25% fail rate. [source:3]

In 2014 a study took place that headlined Pycnogenol from Pine Bark Extract as improving cognitive function, attention, mental performance and specific professional skills. The Turkish study of 60 professionals between 35 and 55 years of age, compared those given 150mg of Pycnogenol per day against those who given a placebo. After 12 weeks, the group taking Pycnogenol had a reduction of 30.4% in their free radical levels and showed increases in the other test factors. With the executive function being monitored, in the evaluation of the 12 professional daily tasks all items were improved [source:4] 

There have been several studies published on the positive effects Pine Bark Extract has had on ADHD sufferers. Two separate studies in Slovakia had accumulated participants with ADHD and found that in a randomized trial, those taking Pycogenol had reduced hyperactivity levels compared to their placebo-taking counterparts after only a month. This shows the consistent natural benefits of the ingredient to help people focus in on the tasks at hand  [source:5] [source:6]

The flavonoids found in Pine Bark Extract have been linked to not only improving mental function but reversing cognitive decline. [source:7]

Pine Bark Extract can also help to protect the brain from diseases resulting from oxidation and inflammation. Read more on this under Antioxidant Properties.

 

Enhancing Athletic Performance

Due to its properties of reducing inflammation, improving blood circulation and being a powerful antioxidant, many athletes find bark extract enhances their physical performance. Athletes & clinical trials alike, report he ability to train for longer periods due to lessened fatigue, and quicker recovery times, as well as reduced muscle pain and cramping.

A study from Pavlovic, examining the effect of pycnogenol from Pine Bark Extract demonstrated a significant increase in endurance performance in recreationally trained athletes. The studies alongside also indicate that the components are highly bioavailable. Showing that it displays greater biologic effects as a mixture than its purified components do individually, indicating that the components interact synergistically. [source:8]. As in Global Focus, synergy for optimal outcomes.

It has also been studied & reported to have profound cardiovascular benefits, such as a vasorelaxant activity, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibiting activity and the ability to enhance the microcirculation by increasing capillary permeability. [source:9]

In 2010 a study demonstrated that a pycnogenol-rich antioxidant formula (using synergy as previously  cited) improves time to fatigue by increasing the serum NAD+ levels.
After continuous exercise at 50%, 70% then 95% of physical work capacity until fatigue (TFF), an increase of 17% in TFF was observed compared with the placebo group. Continuing to shine light on this ingredient as a powerhouse of natural resource for athletes. [source:10]

A further study in 2012 showed to back up the results of that done in the 2010 study. Performing under as near similar parameters it showed that an acute single dose of antioxidant supplementation from natural resources such as Pine Bark Extract is able to improve endurance performance in trained athletes.
This time, 9 trained athlete performed on 2 separate occasions a continuous protocol of 5 minutes at 50% peak power output (PPO), 8 minutes at 70% PPO & 95% PPO. 4 hours prior to the athletes performing the test to see if the one 2 years prior was substantial they either ingested the natural dietary supplement, or a placebo.
The evidence yet again showed considerable favour at 94.5% that Pine Bark Extract has substantial positive treatment effects for TTF (anti-fatigue) and other performance related variables. [source:11]

Source : 12

Source : 12

Additionally, Vinciguerra et al. demonstrated that pycnogenol ingestion reduces the number of events in subjects with cramps and muscular pain without causing negative effects. Over a 5 week observation on x4 50mg capsules per day, 66 subjects that consumed the prescribed amount were divided in to 3 groups and studied throughout.
The study concluded “There was a significant decrease in the number of cramps episodes and in the score concerning muscular pain. No significant effects were observed in the placebo groups. In conclusion, cramps and muscular pain were decreased by the use of pycnogenol.”
Also of significance was all 3 test groups showed a decrease in cramping after the 5th week,though supplementation had stopped after the 4th week. The paper cites “to levels significantly lower than inclusion values”. The potential for extended effects then seem apparent. [source:12]

 

Increasing Mental Stamina & Blood Flow Circulation

Pine Bark Extract aids cerebrovascular function and due to its high level of active proanthocyanidins, contains antioxidants to promote brain health and function. Pine Bark Extract has 95% proanthocyanidin content, the further extracted Pycnogenol contains 65-75%. [source:13]

French Maritime Pine Bark earth grown ingredients in Global Focus Nootropic

By optimising blood flow to the brain, it supports brain energy metabolism. Through the improvement of the access to glucose & oxygen that fuels brain cell mitochondria, it results in mental energy on a much larger scale. Research surrounding proanthocyanidins such as that found in Pine Bark Extract continues to be researched, with data looking profound for the role of mitochondrial function. [source:14]

Pine Bark Extract promotes healthy circulation and blood flow to the brain by increasing the activity of nitric oxide, a key dilator of blood vessels. [source:15] The blood flow brings with it nutrients and oxygen, supporting the brains own metabolism and allowing it to produce energy, ultimately improving both short and long term mental function. [source:16] [source:17]

The polyphenols found in Pine Bark Extract may also keep blood free-flowing by inhibiting adhesion of the platelets. [source:18] [source:19]

A study was conducted studying the effects of Pycnogenol on blood flow, comparing a group taking a 180mg dose per day to a placebo-taking control group. It concluded that Pycnogenol increased blood flow through its interaction with nitric oxide in blood vessels. [source:20]

 

Antioxidant & Anti-inflammatory Properties

To understand the benefits of Pine Bark Extract you must first understand the role of oxidative stress and free radicals on our body. In its most basic sense, oxidative stress is caused by the interaction of harmful ‘free radical’ molecules with regular healthy molecules. This contact can damage or inflame cell membranes, causing illness, disease and speed the ageing process. The two ways of reducing this outcome is to reduce the free radicals within the body and to increase antioxidants, which detoxify the free radical molecules. 

French Maritime Pine Bark earth grown ingredients by Earthly Biotics

Pine Bark Extract can be used to prevent and aid with neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s by reducing free radical production and assisting in antioxidant defence. [source:21]. Further to and including those neurodegenerative diseases, by reducing the build up of oxidatively damaged proteins and inhibiting pro-inflammatory gene expression, it continues to prove to be a powerful potential natural remedy to them & possibly Huntington’s as well. [source:22] [source:23]

Damage of membranes within the brain, leading to strokes, can be prevented as the extract protects these vulnerable cells against damage caused by free radicals. [source:24] The proanthocyanidin compounds found in Pine Bark Extract are unique in that they easily transit across the barrier separating brain from blood, making it particularly neuroprotective.

Studies suggest that Pine Bark Extract may fight inflammation and aid healing post-surgery. Research conducted in Turkey on post-operative abdominal surgery patients found that those who took the extract for 10 days healed significantly quicker than those who went without. [source:25]

The antioxidant levels of Pine Bark Extract are estimated to be 50x higher than that of vitamin C and 20x higher than vitamin E. [source:26] [source:27] [source:28]

Further to potency and powerful protection effects Pine Bark Extract has to the brain & body, it has been found to reduce DNA damage cause by oxidation. [source:29]

 

Pine Bark Extract VS Aspirin

It has been studied & reported that Pine Bark Extract has shown to inhibit clotting more so than Aspirin. Especially in smoking induced clotting, you can supplement less with it and not have to worry about the bleeding that can occur when using Aspirin. [source:30]

A study that went on for 15 years by Dutch scientists was published and stated that 27,939 healthy professionals they had supplemented with either Aspirin or a placebo. The Aspirin reduced the risk for cardiovascular disease, colorectal cancer amongst others, was cited, they concluded the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding outweighed those benefits. [source:31] [source:32]

Pine Bark Extract for Global Focus Nootropic from Earthly Biotics

Pine Bark Extract has not been found to have the same issues and/or side effects as Aspirin, though it has also been shown that the shared benefits between the two take longer to occur in Pine Bark Extract and Pycnogenol. [source:33]

 

Other

Benefits that have been studied & reported, or clinically researched include;

  • Fighting off preventing infections [source:34]
  • Protecting the skin from UV exposure [source:35]
  • Helping with ADHD [source:36] [source:37]
  • Preventing hearing loss and loss of balance [source:38]
  • Lowering glucose levels in diabetics [source:39]
  • Increasing erectile function [source:40]

 

Side Effects

Although studies indicate that Pine Bark Extract has no major side effects, caution should be taken by those suffering from certain medical conditions or taking medications. It is always recommended to consult your doctor prior to use. 

  • Due to its blood circulatory properties, Pine Bark Extract is unsuitable for anyone taking blood thinning medication or due to undergo surgery.
  • As Pine Bark Extract is an immune system booster, it should be avoided by anyone taking immune suppressants or suffering from an auto-immune disease.
  • High doses of OCPs can decrease blood sugar, so those who have diabetes should be cautious.
  • Hypertension sufferers may find an increase in their blood pressure if combining Vitamin C supplements with OPCs. [source:41] [source:42]
  • While not medically confirmed, some users have reported that they feel the effects of alcohol more strongly when taking Pine Bark Extract, exercise caution at your discretion.
  • In very rare instances, users may experience mild side effects including irritability, dizziness, headaches or mouth ulcers.

 

 

This information should be used for guidance only, please consult with a medical professional before taking any dietary supplement. Should you suffer from any ongoing medical conditions or have any concerns at all, consult your doctor in the first instance.

 

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